Dr. Sondra Crosby is an Associate Professor of Medicine and Public Health at the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, in the Center of Health Law, Ethics, and Human Rights. She is a nationally known expert in refugee health, and for the last 20 years, her clinical practice has focused on the care of refugees and asylum seekers, many who have experienced persecution. She is Co-Founder of the Immigrant and Refugee Health Program at Boston Medical Center.
Dr. Crosby has taught and mentored Istanbul Protocol evaluation and documentation in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; Dushanbe, Tajikistan; Istanbul, Turkey, Reyhanli, Turkey, Almaty, Kazakhstan, Erbil, Iraq, and Amman, Jordan as a medical consultant for Physicians for Human Rights. She has lectured in the Asylum Officers Basic Training Course in Lansdowne, VA and in the Boston Asylum office, on medical forensic findings in asylum cases.
Dr. Crosby is an internationally recognized expert in the documentation of human rights violations, and on performing forensic medical evaluations utilizing the Istanbul Protocol (she has completed approximately 500). She is co-founder of the Boston University Forensic Medical Evaluation Group, an innovative interdisciplinary model that provides medical forensic documentation of torture, ill-treatment and other physical abuse, including female genital mutilation. Dr. Crosby has evaluated the effects of torture on Syrian refugees living in Turkey and Jordan, former detainees in US detention at Guantanamo Bay, and at other sites in Iraq and Afghanistan. Furthermore, she served as a medical forensic expert for the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry, investigating allegations of torture.
Dr. Crosby has published scholarly papers in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Annals of Internal Medicine, The British Medical Journal, The Journal of General Internal Medicine, The Laryngoscope, The British Journal of Ophthalmology, and Urology among others, on work in caring for survivors of torture.
Dr. Crosby has been qualified as an expert witness on the effects of cruel, inhuman, degrading treatment and torture in United States Immigration Court in Boston, Federal District Court for the District of Columbia, and the Military Commission Court in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba (United States v. Al-Nashiri).
Dr. Crosby is serving as a drafter on the Istanbul Protocol Supplement (IPS) Project, an international committee to update and write a supplement for the Istanbul Protocol. She has made significant contributions to the fields of trauma documentation of and providing care to refugees who have suffered human rights violations. Dr. Crosby is the recipient of the 2008 Leonard Tow Humanism in Medicine and the 2016 Whitetulip Health Foundation Doctors’ Day Public Service Award in recognition of commitment to and outstanding work with refugees from around the world. In addition, she was awarded the 2017 Community Clinician of the year for the Suffolk District Medical Society.